Description: A paper I wrote which covers several weeks of media coverage from the moment the Parkland shooting occured. The purpose of the paper was to use as many resources as possible as much as possible without plagarizing or editorializing.
The first section is the paper, the second is a bibliography and the third an annotated bibliography.
Date: Winter 2018
17 adults and children were confirmed deadafter police officers and swat teams responded to reports of a mass shooter at Marjory Stoneman Douglas high school in Parkland, Floridaaround 3 pm on February 14.The shooter arrested at the scene is 19-year-old Nikolas Cruz,a former student at Douglas who was expelled for disciplinary reasons.After setting off the fire alarms so that students would come out into the hallwaysCruz fired over 100 roundswitha legally boughtAR-15 rifle and “multiple magazines”leaving 14 people woundedand 17 dead as students sent “distressing messages” to their loved ones from lockdown inside the school as they were barricaded into classrooms and closets by their teachers.After stopping for a drink at Subway and a brief visit to McDonalds,Cruz was arrested and taken to hospital for medical treatment but was subsequently released into police custody.He confessed to the shooting was charged with 17 accounts of premeditated murder
A teacher at the school said Cruz had already been considered a security threat.However, Broward county public schools superintendent Robert Runcie told reporters the school had “no indication” Cruz was a dangerso one cannot be sure whether or not schools were informed of the threat Cruz posed.
However, it was reported Cruz had reportedly been receiving treatment for mental health issues,and students who had been at school with Cruz said many of them predicted he would do something like this and that he had previously brought guns to school.While some were appalled it had been him.Investigators report Cruz has a “disturbing social media footprint”and a YouTube user named “Nikolas Cruz” reportedly posted “I’m going to be a professional school shooter” on the sitewhich was reported to the FBI six months agobut not addressed.
President Donald Trump has tweeted that there were “many signs the Florida shooter was mentally disturbed.”Cruz’s mother passed away in early November of last yearand he had been staying with a local family whose son was in the shooting.
President Donald Trump also tweeted his “prayers and condolences” to those affected, but, according to reports, decided not to speak about the attack,but according to some prayers are not enough.Chris Murphy, senator for Connecticut took the senate floor following the shooting on Wednesday. He said, “This happens nowhere else other than the United States of America. It only happens here not because of coincidence, not because of bad luck, but as a consequence of our inaction. We are responsible.On Thursday President Trump gave a public statement again offering prayers and condolences to the “community of Parkland,”and on Friday the President and first lady made an “announced visit” to meet with law enforcement officials and medical workers who assisted the community following the shooting.
Parkland was supposedly Florida’s safest city,yet this shooting is the number eightof the 10 deadliest mass shootings in US history.Among the dead are; a football coach,a member of the JROTC program, a wrestling coach, and a cross country coach, 3 adults and 14 students. 
Schools around the nation canceled classes the Friday following the shooting after receiving threats.
Early media reports claimed Crus had a connection to a white supremacist group, but the group leader about Cruz’s connections and it is not true.Early media reports also claimed Cruz wore a gas mask and had smoke grenadesduring the shooting itself, but that was later proven false.
It’s the Governments Fault and the Governments Job to Fix It
The immediate response to the Parkland shooting was an unspecified call for action.In Stoneman high school during the shooting David Hogg, a student who writes for the school newspaper, began interviewing other students in classrooms and closets while on lockdown. Hogg said, “We are children. You guys are the adults. Work together, come over your politics, and get something done.”cLori Alhadeff said in an interview on CNN, “I just spent the last two hours putting the funeral arrangements for my daughter’s funeral, who’s 14, President Trump, please do something.”
Following closely behind the calls for action were thecalls of blame. Melissa Falkowski, a teacher at Stoneman said, “We did everything that we were supposed to do. I feel today like our government, our country, has failed us and failed our kids and didn’t keep us safe.”The FBI acknowledged they failed to actupon the indications Cruz gave of being a potential school shooter. Florida Gov. Rick Scott has called for the resignation of the bureau’s director. A few days after the shooting it was made known that the school resource officer, who was an armed sheriff’s deputy, did not enter the school as the shooting took place. The officer has since resigned.Despite the blame placed on law enforcement Robert Runcie, the school superintendent, said at least two police cars were typically on campus “on a daily basis.”
Cruz was the “subject of dozens of 911 calls and at least two separate tips to the FBI”in addition to being involved with the Florida Department of Children and Families. However, it was ultimately concluded Cruz was “not a risk to harm himself or others” and “none [of the calls] appeared arrestable under Florida law.”Many are blaming law enforcement and the Florida Department of Children and Families for not putting a stop to Cruz before he killed 17 people.
Making Schools Safer
One thing the majority of the country seems to agree on is schools need to be safer. The methods of how differ based on mainly political views. Sean Hannity proposed retired military and policeman be employed and armed in schools nationwide. Pam Bondi, Florida Attorney General agreed saying, “that’s why we have school resource officers — do they need more help? Yes. Do I see if — of course, if we have the funding for it? I think we do.”
Meanwhile on the Wednesday following the Parkland shooting President Trump said his administration would look “strongly” into policies that would arm teachers. “If you had a teacher who was adept at firearms, they could very well end the attack very quickly,” Trump said. Since Parkland Republican lawmakers in Wisconsin, Alabama and North Carolina “have proposed arming teachers or permitting people to carry concealed weapons in schools.”The Florida house proposed legislation which would “improve communication between school districts, law enforcement, and state agencieswhich has received support from many family member of the shooting victims.U.S. Education Secretary Betsy DeVos told reporters that “arming some teachers should be considered an option but not a requirement.”
Many educators and democrats have met this proposed solution with a great deal of skepticism. Deb Ciamacca, an AP Government teacher and former Marine Corps captain said, “It’s an insane idea. To anyone who’s ever taught before, it’s just ludicrous.”
The loudest debate which has followed in the wake of the Parkland shooting is that of gun control, protests, walk outs, and whole days dedicated to stopping gun violence have been regular happenings in the last month since the shooting and it’s not just adults and politicians who are getting involved, it’s the students too.
Their presence and influence on social media is creating a lot of stir among their peers and adults. They created the viral hashtag “#BoycottNRA” and demanded that companies reconsider their ties to the gun industry or the National Rifle Association. And in the last few weeks companies — from Delta Air Lines to MetLife — have ended discount programs with NRA members. Retailers selling rifles and other firearms, including Dick’s Sporting Goods, Walmart and Kroger, “have changed their sales policies”.
The Florida House was expected to vote on gun legislation which would put “some restrictions on rifle sales.” “What happened in Florida is the straw that broke the camel’s back, and I think it has awakened educators and parents and students all over the United States that these are not going to become unusual activities anymore. This is going to be the new normal unless we stop it,” said Carol Burris, executive director of the advocacy group Network for Public Education
In addition to gun control across the board, arguments for gun restrictions to those with mental health issues are being made. Broward county sheriff Scott Israel said, “While people who are the victim of mental health illnesses in this country are being treated, in the opinion of this sheriff, they should not be able to buy, surround themselves, purchase, or carry a handgun. Those two things don’t mix.”
Overall emotion has dictated many of the debates surrounding the Parkland shooting. It seemed our country was too quick to dismiss the lives of those lost and immediately jump into arguments and policy change which made for many poorly reasoned arguments. Although, these debates have been ongoing for a very long time and many seemed to just need an event to use as an excuse to attack the president, the NRA, the democrats, or the republicans.
The shooting itself was well reported and little false news was circulated. It seemed for a moment as if the entire country could come together to mourn a tragic loss, but then the first shot was fired.
Claire Phipps and Sam Levin, “17 Confirmed Dead in ‘Horrific’ Attack on Florida High School –As It Happened,” Gaurdian, February 15, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018, https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/live/2018/feb/14/florida-school-shooting-live-updates-latest-news-marjory-stoneman-douglas
“Students describe Florida high school shooting scene,” Sean Hannity, The Sean Hannity Show, aired February 14, 2018, on Fox News, http://www.foxnews.com/transcript/2018/02/14/students-describe-florida-high-school-shooting-scene.html
Elizabeth Chuck, Alex Johnson and Corky Siemaszko, “17 Killed in Mass Shooting at High School in Parkland, Florida,” NBC, February 15, 2018, accessed February 20, 2018, https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/police-respond-shooting-parkland-florida-high-school-n848101
Emanuella Grinberg and Eric Leavenson, “At Least 17 Dead in Florida School Shooting, Law Enforcement Says,” CNN, February 14, 2018, accessed February 20, 2018, https://www.cnn.com/2018/02/14/us/florida-high-school-shooting/index.html
Olivia Laughland, Richard Luscombe, and Alan Yuhas. “Florida School Shooting: At Least 17 People Dead on ‘Horrific, Horrific Day’.” Gaurdian, February 15, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/feb/14/florida-shooting-school-latest-news-stoneman-douglas
Marc Caputo, Matt Dixon, and Emily Goldberg, “Parkland Mourning,” Politico, February 15, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018, https://www.politico.com/newsletters/florida-playbook/2018/02/15/parkland-mourning-248208
Richard Gonzoles and Laurel Wamsley, “17 People Died in the Parkland Shooting. Here are Their Names,” NPR, February 15, 2018, accessed February 20, 2018, https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwoway/2018/02/15/586095587/17-people-died-in-the-parkland-shooting-here-are-their-names
Lopez and Kirby;Robinson Meyer, “The Righteous Anger of the Parkland Shooting’s Teen Survivors,” Atlantic, February 17, 2018, accessed February 20, 2018, https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2018/02/parkland-shooting-teen-survivor-tweets-righteous-anger/553634/
Rose and Booker; Turkewitz, Mazzei, and Burch; Reilly; Kasky; Smith; Exstrum; Rachel Siegel, “The Parkland shooting is Different. The News Coverage Proves It,” Washington Post, March 2, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018, https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2018/03/02/the-parkland-shooting-is-different-the-news-coverage-proves-it/?utm_term=.6924be5c3876
Richard, Fausset, Serge F. Kovaaleski, and Patricia Mazzei, “On a Day Like Any Other at a Florida School, 6 Minutes of Death and Chaos,” New York Times, February 16, 2018, accessed March 1, 2018, https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/16/us/stoneman-douglas-shooting.html
Phipps and Levin; Hannity; Chuck, Johnson, and Siemaszko;Grinberg and Leavenson; Laughland, Luscombe, and Yuhas; Fausset, Kovaaleski, and Mazzei;Caputo, Dixon, Goldberg; German Lopez and Jen Kirby, “Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School Shooting in Florida: What We Know,” Vox, February 16, 2018, accessed February 20, 2018, https://www.vox.com/policy-and politics/2018/2/14/17013596/parkland-florida-high-school-shooting
Anderson, Farrington, and Replogle; Gonzoles ans Wamsley; Robinson; Rose and Booker; Reilly; Siegel; Kasky; Smith
Phipps and Levin; Hannity; Chuck, Johnson, and Siemaszko;Grinberg and Leavenson; Laughland, Luscombe, and Yuhas; Lopez and Kirby;
Phipps and Levin; Hannity; Chuck, Johnson, and Siemaszko;Grinberg and Leavenson; Lopez and Kirby; Anderson, Farrington, and Replogle; Rose and Booker
Phipps and Levin; Hannity; Chuck, Johnson, and Siemaszko;Grinberg and Leavenson; Laughland, Luscombe, and Yuhas; Lopez and Kirby;
Hannity; Chuck, Johnson, and Siemaszko;Grinberg and Leavenson; Laughland, Luscombe, and Yuhas; Lopez and Kirby; Kasky
Turkewitz, Mazzei, and Burch
Lopez and Kirby
Phipps and Levin; Hannity; Chuck, Johnson, and Siemaszko; Grinberg and Leavenson; Laughland, Luscombe, and Yuhas; Lopez and Kirby; Anderson, Farrington, and Replogle
Phipps and Levin; Hannity; Chuck, Johnson, and Siemaszko; Lopez and Kirby; Anderson, Farrington, and Replogle
Phipps and Levin; Chuck, Johnson, and Siemaszko; Grinberg and Leavenson; Laughland, Luscombe, and Yuhas
Lopez and Kirby
Phipps and Levin; Hannity;
Chuck, Johnson, and Siemaszko; Lopez and Kirby; Curt Anderson, Brendan Farrington, and Josh Replogle, “School Shooting Suspect Indicated on 17 Counts of Murder,” Washington Post, March 7,2018, accessed March 8, 2018, https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/florida-house-debates-amendments-to-school-safety-bill/2018/03/06/68353f22-219b-11e8-946c-9420060cb7bd_story.html?utm_term=.a53ba302cb7b
Rose and Booker; Turkewitz, Mazzei, and Burch
Phipps and Levin; Hannity;
Phipps and Levin;
Phipps and Levin; Chuck, Johnson, and Siemaszko; Lopez and Kirby; Rose and Booker;
Phipps and Levin; Hannity; Chuck, Johnson, and Siemaszko; Lopez and Kirby;
Rose and Booker
Phipps and Levin; Hannity; Laughland, Luscombe, and Yuhas
Chuck, Johnson, and Siemaszko
Chuck, Johnson, and Siemaszko; Joel Rose, and Brakkton Booker, “Parkland Shooting Suspect: A Story of Red Flags, Ignored,” NPR, March 1, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018, https://www.npr.org/2018/02/28/589502906/a-clearer-picture-of-parkland-shooting-suspect-comes-into-focus
Turkewitz, Mazzei, and Burch
Chuck, Johnson, and Siemaszko
Chuck, Johnson, and Siemaszko; Anderson, Farrington, and Replogle; Rose and Booker; Glenn Beck “’Armed with The Truth’ (Michelle Myers joins Glenn),” The Glenn Beck Program.Podcast Audio, February 19, 2018, http://www.omnycontent.com/d/playlist/dae91041-9dd4-4374-af8e-a6bf00316af9/aede72ea-179a-46e5-9750-a6bf0031b61b/455ea981-aad9-46b9-8d9e-a71501484a58/podcast.rss
Chuck, Johnson, and Siemaszko; Anderson, Farrington, and Replogle; Rose and Booker
Phipps and Levin; Grinberg and Leavenson; Robinson
Phipps and Levin; Robert Valencia, “Florida Shooting: Senator Tells Colleagues ‘We are Responsible’ for Mass Atrocity,” Newsweek, February 14, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018, http://www.newsweek.com/florida-shooting-senator-tells-colleagues-we-are-responsible-mass-atrocity-807817
Lopez and Kirby
Turkewitz, Mazzei, and Burch
Grinberg and Leavenson
Phipps and Levin; Laughland, Luscombe, and Yuhas
Grinberg and Leavenson; Julie Turkewitz, Patricia Mazzei, and Aurda D.S. Burch “‘How Did This Happen?’: Grief and Fury After Florida Shooting.” New York Times, February 16, 2018, accessed February 20, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/16/us/florida-shooting.html
Phipps and Levin; Hannity; Gonzoles and Wamsley
Neil Reisner, and Dave Phillipps, “Florida School’s R.O.T.C. Lost 3 Cadets; Suspect Was a Member,” New York Times, February 20, 2018, accessed March 1, 2018, https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/20/us/jrotc-cadets-florida-shooting.html
Lopez and Kirby;Jonathan Sperling, “Florida School Shooting: These are the 17 Victims,” NBC, February 17, 2018, accessed February 20, 2018, https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/florida-school-shooting-these-are-17-victims-n848706
Gonzoles and Wamsley; Robinson
Turkewitz, Mazzei, and Burch
Lopez and Kirby
Lopez and Kirby
Turkewitz, Mazzei, and Burch
Robinson; Dave Cullen,“Will the Parkland Kids Change the Gun Debate?” Politico,February 20, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018, https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2018/02/20/will-the-parkland-kids-change-the-gun-debate-217032
Gonzoles and Wamsley
D’Antonio; Lisa J.. Huriash, Paula McMahon, Megan O’Matz, and Tonya Alanez. “Two Stoneman Douglas Shooting Survivors Take First Steps to Sue.” Sun Sentinel, March 6, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018. http://www.sun-sentinel.com/local/broward/parkland/florida-school-shooting/fl-sb-first-intent-to-sue-marjory-stoneman-douglas-20180305-story.html
Phipps and Levin; Grinberg and Leavenson; Laughland, Luscombe, and Yuhas
Turkewitz, Mazzei, and Burch
Turkewitz, Mazzei, and Burch; Jon Kamp, “Former Florida School Officer Says He Believed Gunfire Was Outside School,” Wall Street Journal, February 26, 2018, accessed February 27, 2018, https://www.wsj.com/articles/former-florida-school-officer-says-he-believed-gunfire-was-outside-school-1519680969
Laughland, Luscombe, and Yuhas
Turkewitz, Mazzei, and Burch
Rose and Booker
Reilly; Michael D’Antonio,“Parkland Shooting Reveals Trump’s Deepest Flaws,” CNN, February 24, 2018, accessed February 27, 2018, https://www.cnn.com/2018/02/24/opinions/parkland-shooting-reveals-trumps-flaws-dantonio-opinion/index.html
Kaitlyn Schallhorn, “Gun Control Measures Proposed by Trump, Lawmakers After Florida School Shooting,” Fox, March 1, 2018, accessed March 1, 2018, http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/03/06/gun-control-measures-proposed-by-trump-lawmakers-after-florida-school-shooting.html
Sarah Rumpf, “Ryan Petty Lost His Daughter in the Parkland Shooting. In That Loss, He Gained a Mission,” Daily Beast, March 5, 2018, Accessed March 6, 2018, https://www.thedailybeast.com/ryan-petty-lost-his-daughter-in-the-parkland-shooting-in-that-loss-he-gained-a-mission-4
Cullen; Matthew Dessem, “Jimmy Fallon Announces He Will March with the Parkland Shooting Survivors,” Slate, February 27, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018, https://slate.com/culture/2018/02/jimmy-fallon-announces-he-will-march-with-the-parkland-shooting-survivors.html
Cameron Kasky, “Parkland Student: My Generation Won’t Stand For This,” CNN, February 20, 2018, accessed February 27, 2018, https://www.cnn.com/2018/02/15/opinions/florida-shooting-no-more-opinion-kasky/index.html
Kyle Smith, “Opinion Laundering in Parkland’s Wake,” National Review, February 26, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018, https://www.nationalreview.com/2018/02/opinion-laundering-in-parklands-wake/
Olivia Exstrum, “This Parkland Shooting Survivor Was the Third in Her Family to Escape a Gun Attack,” Mother Jones, February 22, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018, https://www.motherjones.com/politics/2018/02/this-parkland-shooting-survivor-was-the-third-in-her-family-to-escape-a-gun-attack/
Siegel; Jerry Barca, “Florida School Shooting Prompts Dick’s Sporting Goods to End Sale of Assault Weapons,” Forbes,February 28, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018, https://www.forbes.com/sites/jerrybarca/2018/02/28/florida-school-shooting-prompts-dicks-sporting-goods-to-end-sale-of-assault-weapons/#3c6c557e5cbb
Katie Reilly, “’This Is the New Normal Unless We Stop It.’ Teachers Are Fighting for Gun Control After Parkland,” Time, February 21, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018, http://time.com/5167305/florida-shooting-teachers-gun-control-activism/
Feb. 14’s Parkland Shooting Coverage
Breaking News/Follow-up News
Phipps, Claire, Sam Levin. “17 Confirmed Dead in ‘Horrific’ Attack on Florida High School –As It Happened.” Gaurdian, February 15, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/live/2018/feb/14/florida-school-shooting-live-updates-latest-news-marjory-stoneman-douglas
“Students describe Florida high school shooting scene.” Sean Hannity, The Sean Hannity Show, aired February 14, 2018, on Fox News. http://www.foxnews.com/transcript/2018/02/14/students-describe-florida-high-school-shooting-scene.html
This is a rush transcript off Hannity from Fox News the day of The Parkland shooting. Sean Hannity, who led the broadcast, has been working in Radio for over thirty years and is on his 23rdyear with Fox News which is an American cable news company known for their conservative views and biases in reporting. Both are experienced sources and well received by their audience, so a reader can assume they’re credible. Hannity mentioned he is known for talking about politics but wanted to make this broadcast about the victims and their families. However, the broadcast struggled to maintain neutrality as different guest speakers provided their opinions and expertise on gun control, legislation to make schools more secure, and mental health. Hannity himself made multiple comments about how this situation is not about, nor would it be helped with further gun regulation. I think this shows his own personal bias as a republican which being on a conservative network and being known for his conservative views is acceptable, but Hannity makes it clear from the start he wants this broadcast to be about breaking news so perhaps his bias is less acceptable. The reasoning behind the broadcast seemed to be based on reporting the facts and events as they happened rather than providing commentary. Towards the end of the broadcast guest speakers eased into small arguments about gun control and mental health, but Hannity attempted to remain neutral it seemed for the sake of the victims and their families, but by the speakers he brought onto his show and the questions they asked him I think Hannity was promoting argument, yet when it got a little too heated he called it off claiming “this isn’t about guns.” I’m not sure if that’s a logical fallacy or straight up deception, but it most certainly made him seem like the good guy and his guests seem contentious and apathetic to the situations of the victims.
Valencia, Robert. “Florida Shooting: Senator Tells Colleagues ‘We are Responsible’ for Mass Atrocity.” Newsweek, February 14, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018. http://www.newsweek.com/florida-shooting-senator-tells-colleagues-we-are-responsible-mass-atrocity-807817
Chuck, Elizabeth, Alex Johnson, and Corky Siemaszko. “17 Killed in Mass Shooting at High School in Parkland, Florida.” NBC, February 15, 2018, accessed February 20, 2018. https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/police-respond-shooting-parkland-florida-high-school-n848101
In this news report posted on NBC, day after coverage of the parkland shooting was provided. Details on the shooter’s life and sinister past were analyzed and comments were provided by students, and officials. NBC News is one of the oldest news broadcasting networks in America and is reputed to lean towards liberal views which tells the reader to expect a liberal perspective, but to understand this perspective is supported by millions of readers. Writer Elizabeth Chuck is a breaking news writer and editor for NBC who previously wrote for the Hartford Courant in Connecticut. Alex Johnson is a projects and breaking news reporter for NBC and has been a writer and editor for multiple reputable newspapers such as The Washington Post. Corky Siemazko is a senior writer for NBC news digital and former NY Daily News rewrite man. While these credentials appear to be sufficient for a breaking news story, Chucks experience seems limited. However, Siemazko looks to be making up for her experience with his own. Overall this seems to be a balanced team with enough experience to provide unbiased breaking news. The only comment which made the article feel even slightly biased was, “Scott, a Republican whom the National Rifle Association’s Political Victory Fund gave an “A+” rating, didn’t directly answer reporters’ questions Wednesday about how the gunman was able to obtain a semi-automatic rifle.” This leads me to believe NBC supports gun control activists since they put a negative spin on “Scott.” In a breaking news story this bias would be considered unacceptable. As for the reasoning of the article it appeared to be just breaking news. Little to no space was provided for a discussion on gun control so if the writers were trying to speak out on that subject they lacked the reasoning to do so. Overall, it seemed the writes simply wanted to provide all the information they currently had on the school shooting.
Grinberg, Emanuella, Eric Leavenson. “At Least 17 Dead in Florida School Shooting, Law Enforcement Says.” CNN, February 14, 2018, accessed February 20, 2018. https://www.cnn.com/2018/02/14/us/florida-high-school-shooting/index.html
Laughland, Olivia, Richard Luscombe, and Alan Yuhas. “Florida School Shooting: At Least 17 People Dead on ‘Horrific, Horrific Day’.” Gaurdian,February 15, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018. https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2018/feb/14/florida-shooting-school-latest-news-stoneman-douglas
Caputo, Marc, Matt Dixon, and Emily Goldberg. “Parkland Mourning.” Politico, February 15, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018. https://www.politico.com/newsletters/florida-playbook/2018/02/15/parkland-mourning-248208
In this article writers Marc Caputo, Matt Dixon, and Emily Goldberg perfectly capture the trauma of a mass shooting while simultaneously providing a brief update on the dead and wounded. The Politicois an American political journalism company just 11 years old. Due to the newness of the magazine readers should be wary and check their facts. Marc Caputo writes the Politico Playbook and before joining thePolitico team wrote for The Miami Herald. Matt Dixon is known for both his political and investigative journalism work in the state of Florida having received a 2015 Green Eyeshade Award for investigative reporting, the Gene Miller Award of Investigative Reporting, and the Florida Press Club’s top government reporting award. Emily Goldberg is a web producer forPolitico. She previously worked at The Atlantic as an editorial fellow and has written for Los Angeles Magazineand The Week. This team pulled together an incredible amount of resources for this page in addition to writing the article. While the magazine may be fairly new the writers are well-experienced which lends a hand to their credibility. Though the article was smallI sense a lot of bias, not that the writers inserted their opinions, but that they made an emotional statement about the event. For example, “brace for the next killing. It will come. To dust shall we return.” The writer’s feelings are clear and apparent so they reader can feel the sadness and trauma of the shooting in the words of the article. I don’t think this bias is misused. The reasoning is not very logical, it’s emotionally based, and I think the point is to sympathize with victims and their families because, “It’s mourning again in America.” This article convinces the reader that this is a sad event and effectively pulls the story back to what matter-the lives of the students.
Lopez, German, Jen Kirby. “Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School Shooting in Florida: What We Know.” Vox, February 16, 2018, accessed February 20, 2018. https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2018/2/14/17013596/parkland-florida-high-school-shooting
Sperling, Jonathan. “Florida School Shooting: These are the 17 Victims.” NBC, February 17, 2018, accessed February 20, 2018. https://www.nbcnews.com/news/us-news/florida-school-shooting-these-are-17-victims-n848706
Anderson, Curt, Brendan Farrington, and Josh Replogle. “School Shooting Suspect Indicated on 17 Counts of Murder.” Washington Post,March 7,2018, accessed March 8, 2018. https://www.washingtonpost.com/national/florida-house-debates-amendments-to-school-safety-bill/2018/03/06/68353f22-219b-11e8-946c-9420060cb7bd_story.html?utm_term=.a53ba302cb7b
Gonzoles, Richard, Laurel Wamsley. “17 People Died in the Parkland Shooting. Here are Their Names” NPR, February 15, 2018, accessed February 20, 2018. https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwoway/2018/02/15/586095587/17-people-died-in-the-parkland-shooting-here-are-their-names
This article is one of the first I found which released the names of those who dies in the Parkland shooting in addition to providing details on each of the dead. The citing of these sources as well as personal social media posts from the victims’ families lead me to belief on that fact alone this source is credible and will provide the reader with many different perspectives. Despite that, NPR, National Public Radio Service, has the support of millions of listeners and is considered to be an credible source. The article was written by Richard Gonzales and Laurel Wamsley. Gonzoles is NPR’s National Desk Correspondent and has been with NPR since 1986. He has won multiple awards for his journalism and is a Harvard graduate. Wamsley first joined NPR as an intern in 2007 and just this year became a full-time reporter. Her inexperience seems to be paired with Gonzales’s extensive experience to create a report which both provides coverage and pays homage to the victims. The only bias I could even pretend to sense in this article is the decision by the writers to include multiple comments by family members of the victims advocating for something to happen which, if intended, would not be acceptable in such an informative article. Because of the informative nature in this article there is little to no argument by which the reader need be convinced, and the reasoning consists of telling each individuals story in less than a couple paragraphs. Some of the dead had very little information and some had a considerable amount so perhaps the failure to provide equal coverage of each student could be considered a fallacy.
Feature Stories/ News Analysis
Fausset, Richard, Serge F. Kovaaleski, and Patricia Mazzei. “On a Day Like Any Other at a Florida School, 6 Minutes of Death and Chaos.” New York Times, February 16, 2018, accessed March 1, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/16/us/stoneman-douglas-shooting.html
This article in The New York Timescovers the brief, but deadly span of time in which the Parkland shooting occurred, citing multiple eyewitness accounts from victims. The New York Timesis one of the most renowned newspapers in the US and is without a doubt a credible resource. Richard Fausset is a correspondent for The New York Timesbased in Atlanta. He also served as a reporter for The Los Angeles Times. Serge F. Kovaleski is an investigative reporter for The New York Times. Hecontributed to the reporting on the Eliot Spitzer prostitution scandal that won The New York Times a Pulitzer prize. Patricia Mazzei is the Miami bureau chief for The New York Times and was a political writer for The Miami Herald. This article was intended to tell the story of the shooting throughout the day in a way that invoked emotion in the reader. It’s more than breaking news but isn’t commentary, it’s a small feature story. The bias in here is similar to what was in the Politico article I mentioned earlier. It is biased, but in an emotional way that in case is very much allowed. Again, there doesn’t seem to be a specific claim or argument, the writers are simply telling a story.
Kamp, Jon. “Former Florida School Officer Says He Believed Gunfire Was Outside School.” Wall Street Journal, February 26, 2018, accessed February 27, 2018. https://www.wsj.com/articles/former-florida-school-officer-says-he-believed-gunfire-was-outside-school-1519680969
Dessem, Matthew. “Jimmy Fallon Announces He Will March with the Parkland Shooting Survivors.” Slate, February 27, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018. https://slate.com/culture/2018/02/jimmy-fallon-announces-he-will-march-with-the-parkland-shooting-survivors.html
Barca, Jerry. “Florida School Shooting Prompts Dick’s Sporting Goods to End Sale of Assault Weapons.” Forbes,February 28, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018. https://www.forbes.com/sites/jerrybarca/2018/02/28/florida-school-shooting-prompts-dicks-sporting-goods-to-end-sale-of-assault-weapons/#3c6c557e5cbb
Huriash, Lisa J.. Paula McMahon, Megan O’Matz, and Tonya Alanez. “Two Stoneman Douglas Shooting Survivors Take First Steps to Sue.” Sun Sentinel, March 6, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018. http://www.sun-sentinel.com/local/broward/parkland/florida-school-shooting/fl-sb-first-intent-to-sue-marjory-stoneman-douglas-20180305-story.html
This article reports the first two Parkland shooting survivors to sue Broward County Sheriff’s office and public-school system. It was reported both survivors, Kyle Laman and Anthony Borges, were seriously wounded. The Sun-Sentinelis a daily newspaper in Broward county, Florida. It emphasizes local news which makes it a great candidate for this story since the Parkland shooting is right in this paper territory. Each of the authors of this article are local writers for The Sun-Sentinelcovering different sections of the paper. What really makes this article credible is the fact that it’s written by local people in the same county the shooting occurred. I sense no obvious or unacceptable bias in this article, it’s basic reporting. The claim is simple, and it well supported with comments from the survivors and their attorneys and family. In addition, to eyewitness accounts of the shooting.
Schallhorn, Kaitlyn. “Gun Control Measures Proposed by Trump, Lawmakers After Florida School Shooting.” Fox, March 1, 2018, accessed March 1, 2018. http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2018/03/06/gun-control-measures-proposed-by-trump-lawmakers-after-florida-school-shooting.html
Exstrum, Olivia. “This Parkland Shooting Survivor Was the Third in Her Family to Escape a Gun Attack.” Mother Jones, February 22, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018. https://www.motherjones.com/politics/2018/02/this-parkland-shooting-survivor-was-the-third-in-her-family-to-escape-a-gun-attack/
This follow-up coverage on the Parkland shooting provides further insight into the lives of two survivors who were not the first in their families to have survived a mass shooting. The article also addresses the efforts of surviving students to encourage reform. Mother Jones is a progressive magazine that won the magazine of the year award in 2017 from the American Society of Magazine Editors. Olivia Exstrum is an editorial fellow at Mother Jones. She has worked on The Philadelphia Inquirer, The Star newspaper in Johannesburg, andThe Chicago Reporter. I’m questioning the credentials of the newspaper. I don’t doubt the writer is a good writer and reporter, but the overall bias of the magazine makes it appear less valid. However, the actual article didn’t appear to be biased. It was good follow-up coverage on the shooting which includes the basic elements of reporting. It was objective and read well in a way that made it easy for the reader to understand. The intent of the writer is to inform, and they did so effectively.
Reisner, Neil, Dave Phillipps. “Florida School’s R.O.T.C. Lost 3 Cadets; Suspect Was a Member.” New York Times, February 20, 2018, accessed March 1, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/20/us/jrotc-cadets-florida-shooting.html
Rumpf, Sarah. “Ryan Petty Lost His Daughter in the Parkland Shooting. In That Loss, He Gained a Mission.” Daily Beast, March 5, 2018, Accessed March 6, 2018. https://www.thedailybeast.com/ryan-petty-lost-his-daughter-in-the-parkland-shooting-in-that-loss-he-gained-a-mission-4
This article centers around an interview writer Rachel Siegel had with Ryan Petty, the father of one of the teens killed in the Parkland shooting. Siegel also reports on the progress Florida governor Rick Scott is making with policy change to make schools safer. The Daily Beast is a website dedicated to opinion and pop culture. It seeks out scandals, scoops, and secrets with the intent to confront “bullies, bigots, and hypocrites,” according to editor-in-chief John Avlon. While the information this website publishes may be true, it most definitely does not have the credibility or level of seriousness The Wall Street Journal has. The author of the article, Sarah Rumpf, is an independent-minded conservative, an editor-at-large for The Capitolist, and a freelance journalist. Only knowing these things about the article makes me doubt the truth or quality of it seeing how the credibility is questionable. Siegel doesn’t comment directly on the arguments or polices she is reporting on, but her bias is evident in her language. Phrases like, “the most contentious gun control debate,” and, “Not all states have money lying around like Florida” indicate almost a running commentary alongside this report. She’s giving the readers the story, but in her own way. Nonetheless her claim, that Ryan Petty gained a mission, is well-supported by evidence from her interview with him and his actions to support legislation which will make schools more secure.
Healy, Jack. “Outspoken and Precocious, Florida Students Struggle with Loss When the Cameras Turn Off.” New York Times, February 25, 2018, accessed March 1, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/25/us/florida-shooting-parkland-students.html
Meyer, Robinson. “The Righteous Anger of the Parkland Shooting’s Teen Survivors.” Atlantic, February 17, 2018, accessed February 20, 2018. https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2018/02/parkland-shooting-teen-survivor-tweets-righteous-anger/553634/
This article is focused on the students of Majory Stoneman Douglas high school who were victims of the latest mass shooting. It is published by The Atlantic, an American magazine known for its literary and cultural commentary. It’s target audience is serious national leaders and “thought leaders” and we can understand because of this serious audience and focus on news analysis this magazine will provide legitimate information and perspectives ranging all across the political spectrum. Robinson Meyer, the author of this article, is an associate editor at The Atlanticwho has been writing regularly for The Atlantic since 2013. His standing with The Atlantic proves he is a capable writer and with over 15 K followers on Twitter we can assume he is well received. The first thing one will notice in the article is the cover photo of two Stoneman Douglas high school students embracing while a third looks on with a look devastation and tear stained cheeks. It jives well with the headline, The Righteous Anger of the Parkland Shooting’s Teen Survivors. Already bias begins to present itself here, Robinson is clearly trying to make a point that the students of the Parkland shooting are justified in their anger. At this point the bias is acceptable and well-received by the vast majority of the population. The claim Robinson makes is high school students are being “preconditioned to grow up fast” in our politicized society. His language, such as “which is a tragedy,” and tone all lead the reader to believe he supports these high school students but finds it unnerving and saddening they feel they have to advocate for change. The issue he’s confronting isn’t necessarily gun control, it’s the defense of the America’s children from disasters they now consider “almost normal.” Whatever action that need to be taken in order to do that he leaves unstated. I think in this magazine this bias is acceptable and even considering the emotional ties surrounding this issue makes the bias more acceptable. The reasoning here is well formatted too. Robinson begins by explaining the shooting a bit and then immediately moves into what the reactions of the students were. He cites tweets and interviews the students had with television networks like CNN. Then he comments on how it’s a “new phenomenon” that the students are becoming the advocates when in past shootings, like Sandy hook, it was the adults who became “de facto advocates.” But, noting this was the largest “high-school “shooting Robinson acknowledges the victims are capable of becoming public voices especially considering the demographics of Majory Stoneman high and the lives of teens in America which are, “drenched in Media.” Finally, Robinson explains a mass shooting is something teens are trained for and even taught to expect. This line of logic leads him to his claim as spoken of earlier. It’s sound logic which makes sense, but is Robinson specifically picking on the students who support his claim that this is normal for teens? He very well could be leaving out hundreds of other students who have chosen to remain silent and who were shocked by this experience which if he were to include would make his claim much less convincing.
Rose, Joel, Brakkton Booker. “Parkland Shooting Suspect: A Story of Red Flags, Ignored.” NPR, March 1, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018. https://www.npr.org/2018/02/28/589502906/a-clearer-picture-of-parkland-shooting-suspect-comes-into-focus
Turkewitz, Julie, Patricia Mazzei, and Aurda D.S. Burch “‘How Did This Happen?’: Grief and Fury After Florida Shooting.” New York Times, February 16, 2018, accessed February 20, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/16/us/florida-shooting.html
This article in The New York Times gives readers the latest on the Parkland shooting two days after the event. Funerals, court proceedings, F.B.I admissions, and meetings with the President are the latest news reported in this article. Having won more Pulitzer prizes than any other newspaper, I consider The New York Times to be a trustworthy source. Writer Patricia Mazzei is the Miami bureau chief for The New York Times and was a political writer for The Miami Herald.Julie Turkewitz is a freelance contributor to The New York Times andThe Atlantic. Audra S. Burch is a National Enterprise Correspondent for The New York Times and a former writer for The Miami Herald. Each are experienced and credible writers. I sense more bias in this article than many others first because of all of the questions that are asked throughout the article including in the headline. Answers and opinions are never given directly by the writers, but the references they make to experts seem to be the writer’s way of answering those questions while still leaving enough question in the readers mind to get them thinking. The article was well built ethos, pathos, and logos were all strong in their own ways. It was also clear and delivered the information effectively.
Reilly, Katie. “’This Is the New Normal Unless We Stop It.’ Teachers Are Fighting for Gun Control After Parkland.” Time, February 21, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018. http://time.com/5167305/florida-shooting-teachers-gun-control-activism/
Siegel, Rachel. “The Parkland shooting is Different. The News Coverage Proves It.” Washington Post, March 2, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2018/03/02/the-parkland-shooting-is-different-the-news-coverage-proves-it/?utm_term=.6924be5c3876
This article in discusses the differences in media coverage between the Parkland shooting and the Sutherland Springs, Tex., Las Vegas, Orlando and San Bernardino, Calif., shootings. Author Rachel Siegel gives the credit for the sustained media coverage to the students involved in the shooting and their actions advocating for change. The Washington Postis an American Daily newspaper which has won 47 Pulitzer prizes. Rachel Siegel is a Yale graduate and on February 16thjoined the financial desk as a general assignment reporter for The Post. With little experience in a big newspaper Siegel may not be the most reliable for this article, but we can rely also on the editors and staff of The Post which served as fact-checkers. Siegels claim that this shooting is different from others is well supported by charts and graphs showing varying levels of media coverage. However, Siegel only draws from a small number of shootings to compare Parkland too which weakens her argument. Nonetheless she still effectively shows The Parkland shooting is continuing to receive coverage which, she shows, other shootings did not receive coverage this long after the fact. Siegel is biased however in believing this shooting is different, so she could be spinning the information to prove The Parkland shooting is, after all, different.
Brooks, David. “Respect First, Then Gun Control.” New York Times, February 19, 2018, accessed February 27, 2018. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/02/19/opinion/parkland-gun-control-shootings.html
Cullen, Dave. “Will the Parkland Kids Change the Gun Debate?” Politico, February 20, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018. https://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2018/02/20/will-the-parkland-kids-change-the-gun-debate-217032
This article, written by Dave Cullen, focuses on the efforts of the “Parkland kids” to change the debate on gun control in America. The Politicois an American political journalism company just 11 years old with an equally conservative and liberal readership. The bias here can swing one way or the other, but it most definitely will swing as it focuses on commentary and analysis of politics and policy. Cullen is the author of the New York Times bestseller Columbine and states in the article he has “covered most mass shootings in America” since Colombine in 1999. Wikipedia claims he is the nation’s foremost authority of Columbine killers. His experience and expertise lead the readers to believe his words will be rooted in truth and knowledge, and he isn’t just another journalist writing about a shooting-this is his specialty. Bias is clear immediately. With a question as his headline readers know this writer has an opinion on whether or not “Parkland Kids Change the Gun Debate.” The repeated references to his own experience show he believes he is the authority on this as well. In addition, Cullen repeatedly slams President Trump and other political figures for their “Comforting words,” which, “ring hollow now.” Clearly Cullen does not approve of the responses the government has made to the Parkland shooting or to any of the school shootings. He says, “the Obama administration made a tragic mistake in failing to take its time and develop a methodical plan,” and, “This time, the president barely even pretended to offer a meaningful response.” This article is basically just Cullen’s opinion and call to action for the Parkland students which I think is acceptable. He’s writing an opinion piece and not reporting on breaking news or writing a feature story. His reasoning as well is acceptable and strong. Essentially, he claims in 19 years of mass school shootings nothing has happened in Congress and these students are finally making some headway. In his conclusion he says, “The kids just found the voice that has failed the rest of us for 19 years. Keep talking. You may finally be our way out.” He makes a strong case, but I think his bias blinds him to ignore any action which has been taken. I’m confident President Trump or President Obama would have something different to say than him. He also uses plenty of appeal to emotion citing a rallying cry by student Emma Gonzalez, talking about the “murder of a 6-year-old, and using words like frustrating, hopeless, and patronizing. I also think he uses a perfect solution fallacy. He completely discredits all the work the government has done the past 19 years to make schools safe and claims our only hope is in a bunch of high schoolers, yet he never actually says what they can accomplish or do. He wants something from the government, but never says what. Overall, I was inspired most definitely but not convinced by Cullen’s argument despite his credibility.
D’Antonio, Michael. “Parkland Shooting Reveals Trump’s Deepest Flaws.” CNN, February 24, 2018, accessed February 27, 2018. https://www.cnn.com/2018/02/24/opinions/parkland-shooting-reveals-trumps-flaws-dantonio-opinion/index.html
This article is an opinion piece focused on how the Parkland shooting was an opportunity for us to witness some of President Trump’s “deepest flaws.” CNN’s websiteis one of the most popular in the world and has a diverse and extensive readership. According to CNN Pressroom, “CNN Digital is the number one online news destination, routinely registering nearly 200 million unique visitors globally each month.” From this we can assume the reputation for having quality news is strong. MIchael D’Antonio is a biographer and the author of “The Truth About Trump.” Which had mixed reviews by The New York Times, Washington Post, andUSA Todayranging from three and a half stars to “balanced, well-sourced and perfectly timed.” While D’Antonio may not be praised perfectly, receiving notice from such well-reputed critics is worth credit and we can trust he has expieriecne writing about the flaws of Donald Trump. Which leads to the bias which is evident even in the title. For some reason D’Antonio strictly disapproves of President Trump and thus could be looking for ways to show his faults. Which is not only biased but could also be a logical fallacy. Even in the first sentence of his article D’Antonio chooses a quote which immediately puts Trump in a downright negative spotlight, “I could stand in the middle of Fifth Avenue and shoot somebody, and I wouldn’t lose voters.” In the very next paragraph D’Antonio attacks Trump saying his performance was a reminder of, “his failure as a politician, a president and a human being.” This is a blatant ad hominem attack of President Trump which leads the reader to distrust whatever D’Antonio says and weakens his argument greatly with anyone who is an avid lover of President Trump. As he discusses the Presidents response to the Parkland shooting he continues to rail on him for his “pathetic” performance as a president. Ultimately D’Antonio barely addresses the Parkland shooting other than to use the story as a springboard to verbally abuse Trump.
Kasky, Cameron. “Parkland Student: My Generation Won’t Stand For This.” CNN, February 20, 2018, accessed February 27, 2018. https://www.cnn.com/2018/02/15/opinions/florida-shooting-no-more-opinion-kasky/index.html
Smith, Kyle. “Opinion Laundering in Parkland’s Wake.” National Review, February 26, 2018, accessed March 6, 2018. https://www.nationalreview.com/2018/02/opinion-laundering-in-parklands-wake/
This article is a critique of the media’s use of the parkland student activists to promote gun control debate. The National Reviewis a conservative magazine with the aim to make conservative views respectable. It has 284K followers on Twitter and publishes bi-weekly which can lead us to understand this is a very popular magazine with a wide reach into American politics. Kyle Smith is the critic at-large for the National Review and a fil critic for the New York Post. He has been called, “America’s most cantankerous film critic” by The Atlantic. He has also written for The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, andThe Weekly Standard. Based on these credentials the provenance of the writer and the media outlet seems to be considerable and credible. However, what business a film critic has writing an opinion piece on politics is in question. Being an opinion piece, this article is full of bias. Smith uses his opinion to make his claim that, “mainstream journalists are using the student activists of Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School as a mouthpiece for their gun-control message.” Noting student activists have the right to express their opinions Smith says one activists comment was “just plain wrong.” In addition, Smith directly inserts his opinion when he speaks of gun control writing, “I don’t care.” In addition, comments like, “This is the Democratic obverse of Trumpian bully culture” demonstrate the kind of attitude and tone which may make Smith’s bias less acceptable. By directly attacking media, President Trump, and democratic ideals Smith comes off more rude than intellectual which makes the reasoning of his article less appealing and convincing. If all the crap shoot comments were to be removed perhaps this article may have some logistical appeal, but all the reader sees is a whiny theater critic complaining about some high schoolers speaking out.
Beck, Glenn. “’Armed with The Truth’ (Michelle Myers joins Glenn).” The Glenn Beck Program.Podcast Audio, February 19, 2018. http://www.omnycontent.com/d/playlist/dae91041-9dd4-4374-af8e-a6bf00316af9/aede72ea-179a-46e5-9750-a6bf0031b61b/455ea981-aad9-46b9-8d9e-a71501484a58/podcast.rss
In this podcast Glenn Beck addresses the larger issue in society which, he believes, is the underlying source of these mass shooting-the destabilization of families. Glenn Beck is a talk radio and television host and the CEO, owner, and founder of Mercury Radio Arts. He’s known for his far-right conservative views and host The Glenn Beck Program, one of the highest rated radio programs in the nation. As far as his credibility goes Beck is a professional commentator on politics and has a good deal to say about the inner workings of America. His opinions are heard and received by millions alongside hundreds of political high-ups. Whatever he has to say may be biased based off his role as a commentator and strong political views, but his followers indicate he is worth listening to. His bias is clear before you even begin to listen to the broadcast because Beck is one of the most popular conservative commentators in the nation next to Sean Hannity. However, as Beck speaks in this podcast he uses phrases like “our society is sick” “it’s just a matter of time before we lose our rights” and “desensitized America.” Each of those phrases is a matter of opinion and Beck makes them based on his bias. His entire show is bias and because of the platform it is presented on that bias is acceptable. If Beck were reporting on breaking news and using this kind of language it would be unacceptable. His reasoning is interesting, Beck makes many claims in this podcast. However, in hour 1 the claim he makes it the reason for these mass shootings is that our society as a whole is sick because there are no male role models in many children’s lives. Beck uses a statistic to support this claim and says out of all the mass murderers involved in shootings over the last 15 years 9 of them were males under the age of 30 and 7 of those males came from fatherless homes. This is strong and convincing logic, but there is no source. Beck doesn’t tell us how many major shootings have happened in the last 15 years, or how many murderers there have been in which these numbers were taken from. He continues to make points using this stat, but the stat itself could be improved. He does a good job at not cherry-picking situations though and focusing on the bigger picture. Overall, a very convincing argument to a conservative, and a possibly more convincing argument to a liberal.